Research/Scientific Misconduct

Our stance on scientific/research misconduct:

Misconduct includes but is not limited to:

  • Plagiarism: The appropriation of the language, ideas or thoughts of another without crediting their true source and representation of them as one’s own original work.
    All submitted articles will be run through a plagiarism detector like
    We encourage all authors to run their articles through plagiarism detectors before submitting and checking our article (Recommendations to consider before publishing your article).
  • Falsification of data: ranges from fabrication to deceptive reporting of findings and omission of conflicting data, or wilful suppression and/or distortion of data.
  • Simultaneous submission: this occurs when a person submits a paper to different publications at the same time, which can result in more than one journal publishing that particular paper. Articles submitted for publication must be original and must not have been submitted to any other journal, including within DMJ. We require authors to disclose any details of related papers in press, including translations  
  • Improprieties of authorship: improper assignment of credit, such as excluding others, misrepresentation of the same material as original in more than one publication, inclusion of individuals as authors who have not made a definite contribution to the work published or submission of multi-authored publications without the concurrence of all authors.
  • Misappropriation of the ideas of others: an important aspect of scholarly activity is the exchange of ideas among colleagues. Scholars can acquire novel ideas from others during the process of reviewing grant applications and manuscripts. However, improper use of such information can constitute fraud. Wholesale appropriation of such material constitutes misconduct. 
  • Salami slicing (or salami publication): is defined as the unnecessary splitting of findings from a single study across several publications. Salami slicing is considered a form of redundant publication. We do not accept publications where we suspect salami slicing has occurred, as these publications have the potential to skew the scientific record and create biases in the results of meta-analyses. All submitted articles will be assessed for potential salami slicing by our editorial team as part of our standard checks. Studies that share significant similarities in the hypotheses, population, and methods should usually be presented to the readers in a single paper. If you believe that you have legitimate grounds to submit multiple publications based on the same study, we ask that you inform the editorial office about any and all potentially overlapping papers (published or unpublished).
  • Fabrication of data: involves the creation of non-existent data or results to fit the research hypothesis or desired conclusion.
  • Manipulation of images: includes the improper manipulation or adjustment of images to create misleading results or conceal important information.
  • Undisclosed conflict of interest: a financial or non-financial relationship between the author and any third party that could be seen as influencing the research, such as employment, consulting, ownership, patent rights, stock ownership or options, honoraria, paid expert testimony or advisory board membership. All authors must disclose any financial or non-financial conflicts of interest in their manuscript.
  • Misrepresentation of ethical approval: involves falsely claiming ethical approval for the research, or failing to disclose relevant ethical considerations or approvals.
  • Duplication of content: presenting the same content or data in multiple publications, without proper citation or justification. Duplication of content can be an ethical concern when it involves redundant publication or self-plagiarism.
    We take all allegations of misconduct seriously and will follow established guidelines and procedures to investigate and resolve any such allegations. Any article found to have involved misconduct will be immediately retracted, and appropriate action will be taken against the responsible authors.